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Basic sentence patterns (1)

(oral drill, elementary level 1)

Read out the following sentences as many times as possible.

(The point here is to practice reading and saying each part of this worksheet very many times, then saying sentences like these on your own, without looking at the text. Please keep the speed of normal, relatively fast speech, and avoid thinking and making up sentences in your mother tongue.)

1

Are you a footballer?
Yes, I am.
Are you a doctor?
Yes, I am.
Are you a policeman?
Yes, I am.
Are you a taxi-driver?
Yes, I am.
Are you a film star?
Yes, I am.
Are you an actor?
No, I'm not.
Are you a student?
No, I'm not.
Are you a bank manager?
No, I'm not.
Are you a receptionist?
No, I'm not.
Are you a secretary?
No, I'm not.

2

Is she a waitress?
Yes, she is.
Is she a cleaner?
Yes, she is.
Is she a singer?
Yes, she is.
Is she happy?
Yes, she is.
Is she English?
Yes, she is.
Is she from Germany?
No, she isn't.
Is she Russian?
No, she isn't.
Is she a hotel manager?
No, she isn't.
Is she at home?
No, she isn't.
Is she in the room?
No, she isn't.

 


Short conversations

1

Who are you?
I'm Peter.
Where are you from?
I'm from England.
Are you a student?
No, I'm not.
What's your job?
I'm a bank manager.
Who is she?
She's Jane.
Where is she from?
She's from France.
Is she a student?
No, she isn't.
What's her job?
She's a secretary.
Who is he?
He's Bob.
Where is he from?
He's from Canada.
Is he a student?
No, he isn't.
What's his job?
He's a taxi-driver.

2

Who is this man?
He's my friend.
What's his name?
It's Miguel.
Is he from England?
No, he isn't.
Where's he from?
He's from Mexico.
How old is he?
He isn't very old. He's forty.
Who is this woman?
She's my teacher.
What's her name?
It's Judith.
Is she from Germany?
No, she isn't.
Where's she from?
She's from Denmark.
How old is she?
She's only twenty-five.

3

How old are you?
I'm nineteen.
What do you do?
I'm a computer operator.
Where do you live?
I live in Birmingham.
What's your address?
I live at 57 Nelson Road.
What's your telephone number?
It's 47692814.
How old is your brother?
He's twenty-three.
What does he do?
He's a postman.
Where does he live?
He lives in Chelsea.
What's his address?
It's 13 King Street.
What's his phone number?
It's 83761902.

4

Do you like cats?

No, I don't.

What animals do you like?

I like dogs.

Have you got a dog?

Yes, I have. It's a bobtail.

Oh, I love bobtails.

Does your brother like dogs?
No, he doesn't.
What animals does he like?
He likes horses.
Does he ride a horse?
Yes, he does. He's a jockey.
I like horses, too.

 


This / that / these / those

What's this?
It's a book.
What's this?
It's a bag.
What's this?
It's an orange.
What's this?
It's a stamp.
What's this?
It's a key.
What are these?
They're cars.
What are these?
They're postcards.
What are these?
They're houses.
What are these?
They're newspapers.
What are these?
They're bananas.

What's that?
It's a pen.
What's that?
It's an apple.
What's that?
It's a desk.
What's that?
It's a lamp.
What's that?
It's an umbrella.
What are those?
They're windows.
What are those?
They're pictures.
What are those?
They're stamps.
What are those?
They're telephones.
What are those?
They're policemen.

Is this a pen?
Yes, it is.
Is this a book?
No, it isn't.
Is this an umbrella?
Yes, it is.
Is this a magazine?
No, it isn't.
Is this a photo?
Yes, it is.
Are these children?
Yes, they are.
Are these dogs?
No, they aren't.
Are these chairs?
Yes, they are.
Are these boxes?
No, they aren't.
Are these radios?
Yes, they are.

Is that an armchair?
Yes, it is.
Is that a sofa?
No, it isn't.
Is that an architect?
Yes, it is.
Is that a fireplace?
No, it isn't.
Is that a journalist?
Yes, it is.
Are those people?
Yes, they are.
Are those buses?
No, they aren't.
Are those trains?
Yes, they are.
Are those ski-lifts?
No, they aren't.
Are those helicopters?
Yes, they are.

 


There is / there are

There is a table in the room.

There are chairs around the table.

There is a box on the table.

There are pens in the box.

There is a telephone on the table.

There is a calendar beside the telephone.

 

There is a bed in the corner.

There is a cupboard near the bed.

There is a chair in front of the bed.

There is a shelf above the bed.

There are books on the shelf.

There is a window near the bed.

 

There is a chair between the bed and the table.

There is a cat on the chair.

There is a dog under the table.

There is a mouse under the bed.

There is a carpet in the middle of the room.

There are flowers in the window.

 

Is there a table in the room?

Yes, there is.

Is there a cupboard near the bed?

No, there isn't.

Is there a shelf near the window?

Yes, there is.

Are there books on the shelf?

Yes, there are.

Are there pens in the box?

No, there aren't.

Are there flowers in the window?

Yes, there are.

 

There isn't a radio on the shelf.

There isn't a chair beside the bed.

There aren't books in the cupboard.

There aren't chairs in the corner.

There aren't pens on the table.

 


Can

I can see a clock on the shelf.

I can see a telephone on the table.

I can see flowers in the window.

I can't see apples on the table.

We can't see girls in the picture.

 

Can you see cars in the street?

Yes, I can.

Can you see books on the shelf?

No, I can't.

Can you see a cupboard in the corner?

Yes, I can.

Can you see trees in the garden?

No, I can't.

Can you see a policeman in the street?

Yes, I can.

Can you see cars in the street?

No, I can't.

 

I can't see a taxi in front of the house.

I can't see flowers in the garden.

I can't see books on the shelf.

 

I can see some bananas in the fridge, but I can't see any oranges.

Can you see any tomatoes?

There is some milk in the kitchen, but there isn't any lemon juice.

Is there any bread on the table?

 


Picture description

There is a living-room in the picture. There is small table in the middle of the room. There is a red telephone and a newspaper on the table.
There's a bookshelf in the corner, and there are some books on the shelf. I can see a cupboard next to the shelf. There is a TV on the cupboard.

living-room

There is an armchair in front of the small table, and there's a sofa next to it. There aren't any pictures on the wall above the sofa, but there are some photos in the cupboard.
There is a door next to the cupboard, on the right, but we can't see it.


Is there a video recorder in the room?
No, there isn't.
Are there any chairs?
No, there aren't.
Are there any books on the shelf?
Yes, there are some. There are a lot of books on the shelf.
Are there any bananas on the table?
No, there aren't any, but there're some in the kitchen.
Are there any people in the room?
Yes, there is a man on the sofa.


Useful expressions

"How do you do?"
"How do you do?"

"How do you do?"
"Nice to meet you."

"How are you?"
"Fine, thanks."

"How are you?"
"I'm O.K."

"How are the children?"
"They're fine, thanks."

"Hi, Jane!"
"Hello, Peter."

"See you tomorrow."
"Bye."

"Can I help you?"
"A fish and chips, please."
"Anything else?"
"No, thanks."

"A sandwich?"
"Yes, please."

"Can I have a cup of coffee, please?"
"Black or white?"
"Black, please."

"Is this your bag here?"
"Oh no, that's my bag over there."

"I'm sorry I'm late."
"Don't worry, it's all right."

"It's very hot in here. Can I open the window?"
"Of course."

"Let's have a drink."
"Why not?"

"Excuse me."
"Yes?"
"Is there a post office near here?"
"Sorry, I don't know. I'm a tourist."


Jobs

What does a taxi-driver do?

He drives a taxi.

What does a bus-driver do?

He drives a bus.

What does a student do?

She studies at school.

What does a teacher do?

She teaches students.

What does a typist do?

She types letters.

 

What does a barman do?

He serves drinks in a bar.

What does a postman do?

He delivers letters.

What does a shopkeeper do?

He sells things in a shop.

What does a cleaner do?

She cleans rooms.

What does an accountant do?

She does the book-keeping.

 

What does a pilot do?

He flies planes.

What does a journalist do?

She writes for a newspaper.

What does a nurse do?

She helps doctors.

What does a doctor do?

He helps sick people.

What does an architect do?

He designs buildings.

 

What does an interpreter do?

She translates speech.

What does a translator do?

He translates texts.

What does a receptionist do?

She works in a hotel.

What does a secretary do?

She answers the phone.

What does a farmer do?

He works in the country.

 

A dancer dances in a club.

A footballer plays football.

An architect designs buildings.

An air-hostess serves drinks and meals.

A policeman controls the traffic.

 

Singers sing at concerts.

Pilots fly planes.

Lorry-drivers drive lorries.

Postmen walk a lot.

Clerks work in offices.

 

What do you do?

I'm a footballer. I play football.

I'm a teacher. I teach English in a school.

I'm a typist. I type letters.

I'm a doctor. I work in a hospital.

I'm a popstar. I play with a rock group.

 

Where do you work?

I work in a factory. I'm a factory worker.

I work in a hotel. I'm a receptionist.

I don't work. I'm a student. I study chemistry.

I'm an agent. I work for a computer company.

 

How do you go to work?

I take a bus.

I go by car.

I walk.

I take a tram.

I usually go by bus.

We sometimes take a taxi.

I never walk.

I don't go to work.

 


Often / sometimes / usually / never

Do you ever go to the cinema?

Yes, I often do.

Do you ever play golf?

Yes, I sometimes do.

Do you ever read a newspaper?

No, I never do.

Do you ever listen to music?

Yes, I always do.

Do you ever work in the garden?

No, I never do.

 

Does he ever drink beer?

Yes, he often does.

Does he ever go skiing?

No, he never does.

Does she ever make fish soup?

Yes, she sometimes does.

Does she ever meet friends?

Yes, she often does.

Does he ever come to work late?

No, he never does.

 

What do you always do on Sundays?

I always walk in the park and I sometimes go to the cinema.

What do you never do?

I never smoke and I never drink wine.

 

What does your brother do in the morning?

He always has fish for breakfast.

Where does mother go at weekends?

She often visits her sister in Manhattan.

 


Time

What's the time? (9.00)
It's nine o'clock.
What's the time? (9.15)
It's quarter past nine.
What's the time? (9.30)
It's half past nine.
What's the time? (9.45)
It's quarter to ten.
What time is it? (7.05)
It's five past seven.
What time is it? (7.55)
It's five to eight.
What time is it? (5.35)
It's twenty-five to six.
What time is it? (5.25)
It's twenty-five past six.

 


Hobby

What do you like doing?

I like reading books.

What do you like doing?

I like watching TV.

What do you like doing?

I like walking with my dog.

What do you like doing?

I like going to the cinema.

What do you like doing?

I like travelling.

 

What does he like doing?

He likes having a shower.

What does he like doing?

He likes walking in the snow.

What does she like doing?

She likes singing pop songs.

What does she like doing?

She likes visiting friends.

What does he like doing?

He likes sleeping in the afternoon.

 

Do you like fishing?

Yes, I do.

Do you like playing tennis?

No, I don't.

Do you like dancing?

Yes, I do.

Do you like taking photos?

No, I don't.

Do you like jogging?

Yes, I do.

 

Does he like sailing?

Yes, he does.

Does he like going to the gym?

No, he doesn't.

Does he like drinking wine?

Yes, he does.

Does he like smoking?

No, he doesn't.

Does he like making a snowman?

Yes, he does.

 

What do you like doing in your free time?

I like visiting friends and going to the cinema.

What do you like doing on Sundays?

I like playing with my children.

What do you like doing in the evening?

I like watching TV or reading a book.

What do you like doing in summer?

I like sunbathing and swimming.

What do you like doing in winter?

I like skiing and playing ice-hockey.

 

What does mother like doing at school?

She likes having a coffee in the break.

What does your sister like doing at home?

She likes cooking and doing housework.

What does Peter like doing in the garden?

He likes playing with the dog.

What does Susie like watching on TV?

She likes watching cowboy films.

Where does father like going?

He loves going fishing.

 


A day's programme

When do you usually get up?

I usually get up at seven.

 

What do you do after you get up?

I go to the bathroom.

 

Do you go to the bathroom first?

Yes, I do.

Do you clean your teeth?

Yes, I do.

Do you have breakfast?

Yes, I do.

 

What do you have for breakfast?

I have tea and a sandwich.

Do you drink tea or coffee in the morning?

I drink tea.

 

What do you do after breakfast?

I water the flowers in my room.

 

What time do you leave for work?

I leave home at eight.

When do you come home from work?

I come home at five in the afternoon.

 

When do you have lunch?

I have lunch at twelve.

Where do you have lunch?

I have lunch in a café.

What do you have for lunch?

I usually have fish and chips.

 

Do you go out in the evening?

Yes, I sometimes do.

Where do you go?

I meet friends in the pub.

 

Do you watch TV every day?

No, I don't.

 

What time do you go to bed?

I usually go to bed at eleven.

Do you read a book in bed?

Yes, I do. I like detective stories.

 

How much do you sleep on weekdays?

I usually sleep seven hours.

How much do you sleep on Sundays?

I don't sleep on Sundays, I go fishing at weekends.

 

 

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